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توجه ! این یک نسخه آرشیو شده میباشد و در این حالت شما عکسی را مشاهده نمیکنید برای مشاهده کامل متن و عکسها بر روی لینک مقابل کلیک کنید : کمک



fatima1
17.12.2011, 13:16
سلام دوستان*من برای معماری معاصرم درباره معمار خارجی به نام فرای اتو مطلب می خوام خواهش می کنم کمکم کنید.:tantrumsmiley::127fs3780538::ad54ad:

archi kochoolo
17.12.2011, 22:08
Life


Otto was bornin Siegmar (since 1950 a part of Chemnitz). He studied architecture in Berlinbefore being drafted into the Luftwaffe as a fighter pilot in the last years ofWorld War II. It is said that he was interned in a French POW camp and, withhis aviation engineering training and lack of material and an urgent need forhousing, began experimenting with tents for shelter. After the war he studiedbriefly in the United States and visited Erich Mendelsohn ([Link is only viewabel to registered users]),Mies van der Rohe ([Link is only viewabel to registered users]), Richard Neutra ([Link is only viewabel to registered users]),and Frank Lloyd Wright ([Link is only viewabel to registered users]). He began a private practicein Germany in 1952. His saddle-shaped cable-net music pavilion at theBundesgartenschau (Federal Garden Exposition) in Kassel brought him his firstsignificant attention. He earned a doctorate about tensioned constructions in1954.


Otto is theworld's leading authority on lightweight tensile andmembrane structures ([Link is only viewabel to registered users]),[ and has pioneered advances instructural mathematics and civil engineering. Otto's career bears a similarityto Buckminster Fuller ([Link is only viewabel to registered users])'s architectural experiments:both taught at Washington University in St.Louis ([Link is only viewabel to registered users]) in the late 1950s, both were architects of major pavilions atthe Montreal Expo ([Link is only viewabel to registered users])of 1967, both were concerned with space frames and structural efficiency, andboth experimented with inflatable buildings ([Link is only viewabel to registered users]). The work of both men gofar beyond traditional methods of calculating structural stresses. His designsare regarded to have been heavily influenced by Australian architect Barry Patten ([Link is only viewabel to registered users]),and his most famous design, the Myer Music Bowl ([Link is only viewabel to registered users]) (1959) in Melbourne ([Link is only viewabel to registered users]).


Otto foundedthe famous Institute for Lightweight Structures at the University of Stuttgart ([Link is only viewabel to registered users]) in 1964 and headed the institute tillhis retirement as university professor. Major works include the West GermanPavilion at the Montreal Expo in 1967 and the roof of the 1972 Munich Olympic ([Link is only viewabel to registered users]) Arena ([Link is only viewabel to registered users]), inspired by Vladimir Shukhov ([Link is only viewabel to registered users])'sarchitecture.


TheInternational Architecture Symposium "Mensch und Raum" (Man andSpace) at the Vienna University of Technology ([Link is only viewabel to registered users])(Technische Universität Wien) in 1984 received in international attention. Ottoparticipated, among others: Justus Dahinden ([Link is only viewabel to registered users]),Dennis Sharp ([Link is only viewabel to registered users]),Bruno Zevi ([Link is only viewabel to registered users]),Jorge Glusberg ([Link is only viewabel to registered users]),Otto Kapfinger ([Link is only viewabel to registered users]), Paolo Soleri ([Link is only viewabel to registered users]),Pierre Vago ([Link is only viewabel to registered users]),Ernst Gisel ([Link is only viewabel to registered users]), Ionel Schein ([Link is only viewabel to registered users]).


Otto is stillactive as an architect and engineer. One of his more recent projects was hiswork with Shigeru Ban ([Link is only viewabel to registered users])on the Japanese Pavilion at Expo 2000 ([Link is only viewabel to registered users]) with a roof structure made entirely of paper.


List ofbuildings


· 1967 - West Germany Pavilion at Expo 67 ([Link is only viewabel to registered users])Montreal


· 1970 - Tuwaiq Palace ([Link is only viewabel to registered users]),Saudi Arabia, with Buro Happold ([Link is only viewabel to registered users])


· 1972 - Roof for Olympic Stadium, Munich ([Link is only viewabel to registered users])


· 2000 - Roof structure of the JapanesePavilion at Expo 2000 ([Link is only viewabel to registered users]),Hanover Germany (provided engineering assistance with Buro Happold ([Link is only viewabel to registered users])and architectural collaboration with Shigeru Ban ([Link is only viewabel to registered users]))


Awards(selected)


· 1974 Thomas Jefferson Medal inArchitecture ([Link is only viewabel to registered users])


· 1996/7 Wolf Prize ([Link is only viewabel to registered users])in Architecture


· 2005 RIBA ([Link is only viewabel to registered users]) Royal Gold Medal ([Link is only viewabel to registered users])[1] ([Link is only viewabel to registered users])